Application Areas: Thin Film Manufacturing, Fuel Cell Technology, Electronics, Water Treatment, Manufacturing Tools
The PTFP group conducts experimental and numerical studies that lead to a predictive model for the processing limits of relatively high viscosity non-Newtonian fluids. We have developed a semi-empirical model to predict the processing limits to manufacture defect-free thin films, from such comlex solutions. These studies will transition the field from a trial-and-error approach to cast or coat high quality polymer thin films. With this work optimal processing speeds for scaled fabrication of high quality polymer thin films can be determined a priori, saving time and money. Furthermore, the R2R-PS, allows for simultaneously capturing the dynamic wetting line and the contact angle, during the casting/coating process. This imaging capability allows for a deeper understanding of the origins of defects and the mechanisms by which bubble pinch-off occurs during the manufacture of thin films. Results from this work helps to better understand moving and forming interfaces that lead to bubbles during polymer thin film manufacture.
The PTFP group, in collaboration with Dr. Thomas Fuller (Georgia Tech, Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering) conducts study to understand the feasibility of using slot die extrusion to directly coat porous media. A new fabrication process to directly coat a relatively high viscosity non-Newtonian fluids onto porous media has been developed. However, a major limitation of directly coating fibrous porous media is the capability of predicting the penetration depth of the fluid into the pores. Fluid penetration can alter the quality, functionality and performance of the device. The PTFP group is developing analytical models to predict fluid penetration during the coating process.
The PTFP group, in collaboration with Dr. Yan Wang (Georgia Tech, Mechanical Engineering) have introduced a forward engineering modeling approach to virtually generate fibrous porous media. The model allows for control over fiber orientation and fiber angles, which leads to virtual generation of more realistic microstructures that have comparable transport properties to raw material, such as carbon paper. With this model, fibrous porous media with tailored properties can be generated quickly and efficiently, in a non-destructive economical way. In addition, this work is foundational for generating complex porous media (i.e., media that has fibers, binder, and a coated thin film layer) that can be used 1) to predict fluid penetration and 2) to couple the design and manufacture phases of porous media construction.
The PTFP group develops innovative methods to process multi-layer polymer thin films. Development and implementation of advanced manufacturing methods are necessary, in order for next generation energy devices to see their full potential.
The PTFP group uses an advanced, custom designed and built roll-to-roll processing system (R2R-PS) equipped with a slot die, 3D vision, and a novel in-line measurement technique based on optical profilometry and densitometry to study the quality of polymer thin film as they are cast or coated onto a impermeable moving substrate. Real-time, in-line thickness and defect measurements for processing high quality thin films with embedded system feedback can be easily obtained, with the R2R-PS, which aids studying manufacturing defects from their origin.